Black tea leaves are subjected to hundred percent oxidation during its processing.
This process is what contributes to the popularity of the most widely used of all teas.. black tea.
The distinctive flavor comes from:
The leaves are plucked twice a year during spring or summer. The plucked leaves are wilted and then processed by using CTC (Crush, Tear, Curl) or Rolling method.
The bruising and breaking of the leaves promotes oxidation of the leaves by naturally occurring enzymes.
This oxidation or fermentation process happens under controlled temperature and humidity.
In the final step, the leaves are dried to stop the oxidation process and packed.
Initially it was the fresh leaves of the plant which were used to brew tea and what is now called white tea and green tea.
It was many centuries later that it was discovered that by oxidizing the leaves it leads to make a stronger, more “full-bodied” brew.
Though it was not initially popular in China, it was black tea which became most popular around the world.
Black tea is estimated to contain ten times the amount of antioxidants found in fruits and vegetables. It is said to have immune strengthening properties, anti-inflammatory qualities and can act as a digestive aid.
Antioxidants are good for the human body as they have been shown to lower the risk of cancer, heart disease and memory loss.
In traditional Chinese medicine, black tea was used as a warming agent and used to treat digestive problems, fatigue and inflammatory diseases.
As always consult your physician about tea and your health.
Black tea varieties usually are named after the area where they are cultivated. Some of the blends and popular varieties get their names from their origin and use.
Popular today are:
Popular Indian teas include:
Way of Preparing
Black tea is prepared by steeping the loose leaf or bags in boiling water.
The best results are when you know the right temperature and correct steeping time for each type of tea.
is much to learn about the varieties, origins and myriad health
benefits of this 5000 year old drink. Most of all enjoy!